Developing a Brownfield Site

One of the most difficult parts of building – whether you want to build a single home, a commercial property, or a whole estate – is finding a plot of land to build on. Land in the UK can be quite scarce in some areas, as well as being considerably expensive.

One of the ways that people are finding that they can purchase some suitable land is by using brownfield land – but what is it?

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Brownfield land is basically land that was once used industrially – it could be a factory that no longer is used, or an old petrol station. Land that was used in an industrial capacity is what is classed as brownfield land.

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Brownfield land is a good way to get yourself a plot of land, but it does come with a few complications that you wouldn’t find with a normal plot. Here are a few of the things that you will need to watch out for if you are considering building on a brownfield site…


Because of the nature of the lands history you will probably need to find a company like Soilfix who will provide land remediation services. This means that the land will be cleared of anything dangerous like asbestos, or contamination in the land to make it safe for the builders to build on.


Planners do like brownfield development, but there are often more hoops to jump through as the surrounding area is more built up usually, so you have more people to try to please before planning permission is granted!

What are Radionuclide Tests for your Heart?

With heart conditions being such a big killer, it is sensible to let your doctor know if you think that you have a problem with your heart. There are many tests that can be done to look at the health of the heart, and one of the most popular is the ECG test – it is easy and quick, as well as giving a good overall impression of the heart health. It is also used in clinical trials such as these adaptive phase 1 studies by Richmond Pharmacology.


A type of test that you may be asked to have if you have a heart problem is a radionuclide test. There are two main types of this test – they are a CT (computerised tomography) scan and a myocardial perfusion scan. Both of these work using radiation, which is very safe as it is not a large amount.

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The CT Test is used if you have pain in your chest, but the doctors are unsure what is causing it. Using this method, they will be able to get a good look at the heart. A substance is injected into a vein before you are then asked to lie in a CT scanner machine. This can diagnose conditions such as an enlarged heart, and heart disease.

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The myocardial scan uses a camera to get pictures of what is happening in the body. This is a test that is often used if you have already had a diagnosis of angina but are having chest pains, or to see if you have coronary heart disease.

Fire classification in the UK

Fires are classified by the fuel type that is burning. By the same approach, not all fire forms can be extinguished. According to the European Standard Classification of Fires, there are five fire groups in the UK. They can be studied more deeply with a Fire Risk Assessment Gloucester based company Keloscape provides.


Class A: ordinary flammable fires


Class A fires contain materials that have heated up to their ignition point, such as paper, wood or rubber. These are the most prevalent type of fire and are the simplest to extinguish. This form of fire can be put out by a water or foam fire extinguisher.

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Class B: liquids that are flammable


Petrol, alcohol and solvents are classified as flammable liquids and contain liquids with an ignition temperature lower than 100 C. A low flashpoint also has flammable liquids. The flashpoint is the minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off enough flammable vapour to ignite, according to the Health and Safety Executive. Class B fires spread and emit black smoke. To put out the flames, a foam fire extinguisher is necessary.

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Class C: Flammable Gases


Flammable gases, which include butane, petroleum and propane, have the ability to cause an explosion as one of the most dangerous forms of fire. For this purpose, the handling of gases in sealed containers is important. For tackling class C fires, a dry powder extinguisher is used.


Class D: Flames of Metal


Metals need high temperatures to ignite; but if water or foam is used to try to extinguish the flames, it can be especially dangerous once a fire gets going. Therefore, Class D fires are put out using a powder fire extinguisher type D.


Class F: oil fires for cooking


When heated to elevated temperatures, cooking oils and fats can cause fires. Water does not help to extinguish Class F fires, contrary to common opinion; a special wet chemical extinguisher is needed instead.

What Are the Early Signs of Alopecia?

The first step to figuring out if you are suffering from what are considered as the most common alopecia problems, which is hair loss, is to make a list of what you believe is occurring. The most obvious sign that one may have alopecia is if they lose their hair. If this is the case it can be a result of stress, illness, or trauma. In most cases it will take a while before the problem is noticed. One of the main reasons for this is because many people have thinning hair, and they might not realise they are losing it.

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Another reason it takes so long to notice any type of hair loss in most people is because it takes time for hair to grow. So, it can take a while before one realizes they have thinning hair. Some of the signs of alopecia are loss of hair in the crown area of the head and also bald spots. Balding starts with a thinning on the top of your head. For more information on Scalp Micropigmentation for women, visit a hair clinic that provides Scalp Micropigmentation for women.

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One of the possible signs of alopecia is the loss of hair in the eyebrows area. This can be very obvious and may cause the person to hide the area. Another sign is if you are experiencing hair loss on other parts of your body too. The nails of many people tend to become brittle and fall off, so they may be one of the early signs of alopecia as well. There are several other signs of alopecia that need to be looked at and you should talk with your doctor if you think you may have an issue.

Do you know how tapping machines work

Tapping machines are used in many different industries, but in metal processing and shaping in particular. Tapping machines operate by enabling screws and nails to be inserted with strong force into two adjacent pieces of metal, providing a stronger bonding of the two pieces. Tapping machines have revolutionised the world of industry as they allow for a precision job done quickly and competently plus they are better than relying on the human eye. They are also greater in terms of productivity over what a human can do through the course of the day. Given that quantity is the larger need this is a vital element and it’s why you should contact Cotswold Machinery Sales for advice and machines.

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Compared to drilling a hole and then inserting the screw, the difference between tapping screws and bolts is that when the tapping machine is used a thread is formed in the hole, while a drill would produce a regular smooth hole through which the screw is then inserted. The thread produced by the taping machine allows it stronger to fasten off the screw holding together the pieces of metal than that of a regular fastening.

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Including electric and pneumatic machines, there are a variety of different tapping machines that can be used. The requirement of your production needs and the metals you are using the machine that will work best for you. Depending on the space you have available for them in your industrial unit and even in different strengths, they can also be found in different sizes, again depending on the metals and materials you use to fasten together.

Maintenance for Timber Framed Structures

Many homeowners are unsure of how to maintain their timber framed structures. However, in this article we will be discussing what maintenance can be required to keep your timber frames spotless over the life of the product. This will entail examining the different coatings available today, identifying what type of damage you should look out for and how to treat the surface properly. There are many different types of wood used, including oak, pine or spruce. There are also special ways to clean wood products, which is very important.

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If you are wondering how to maintain your wood framed structures then we suggest that you first of all take a look at your product. It will obviously look very good when it is brand new and it will appear as though the product has been built to last. However, just like any other type of wooden product, it will need to be maintained in order to keep it looking good. The reason for this is that wood has a tendency to slowly lose its integrity over time and this means that it will need to be replaced over the next few years if you are not careful. For details of caring for Oak Beams, for example, visit Timberpride, suppliers of Oak Beams.

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This also means that it will need to be looked after as this product ages and if you are not careful, it could be damaged. This can mean that it can warp or crack and it can also mean that it needs to be replaced quickly. By maintaining the wood products properly and taking a close look at the different coatings available today, you will be able to ensure that your timber framed windows last for many years to come.

Health Problems that can Be Prevented by Eating a Vegan Diet

Eating a vegan diet has never been easier – from restaurants offering a vegan menu to supermarkets offering a wide range of vegan foods and you can even follow a vegan bodybuilding diet like this


As well as the positive affect that a vegan diet has on the planet, it is also has a lot of health benefits for our bodies too, so many people are taking up a vegan only diet. Here are a few of the ways a vegan diet can have a positive impact on our health…

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It can help with stress as well as low mood – As well as our bodies, our brains also benefit from a good diet. Many people have studied some of the fats in meat like arachidonic acid, which can lead to higher rates of mental health problems such as depression and anxiety.


It can prevent Heart Disease – A vegan diet is naturally fantastic for preventing heart disease. Low in fatty foods and foods with high cholesterol, eating a vegan diet will help you to keep blood pressure low as well as preventing more serious problems like strokes and heart attacks.

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It can help with Migraines – There are many triggers that can cause migraines, and many migraine sufferers have found that adapting to a vegan only diet can have a huge reduction in the number of migraines that they have. It is thought that the lower amount of fats and common triggers that cause migraines being absent in a vegan diet is why it has a benefit.

What are the Most Important Boat Components?

What are the most important boat components that you should always take into consideration when purchasing one of the best recreational vehicles ever made? The first thing you have to ask yourself is this; if I damage my boat, will I be able to get it repaired or will I need to purchase a new boat? This is not an easy question to answer because it is based on how long you’ve owned your boat and how well you know your craft. But when you are looking at boats with high quality engines that have proven themselves, you are guaranteed a good boat that is going to last you for a lifetime if you take care of it.

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Next, you need to think about the type of boat you want. Are you in the market for a cruising boat, a fishing boat, a sailing boat or some other type of recreational vessel? Once again, this can all be determined by what type of boat you want to use and how much money you are willing to spend. If you are in the market for a fishing boat, then you will obviously have different requirements and specifications than someone who is in the market for a sailing boat. Will your boat need Jib Cranes? If so, visit a site like

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These are just a few important boat components that you need to consider before choosing a boat. If you have any doubts about these or any other aspect of your boat, it would be a good idea to talk to a professional boat dealer or boat expert so they can assist you in making the right decisions.


Who were the Tuatha De Danann?

Before the coming of Christianity Ireland held to the belief that it had been found and colonised by a race of perfect godlike beings  (if not Gods themselves) or super humans called the Tuatha De Danann. They rule the land in a generally benevolent way defeating it’s major enemies such as the fish like Formorians. Their tales are passed down through oral tradition by bards and poets. When the Monks of christianlty come to Ireland they tried to make sense of the tales to create a cohesive and realistic version of Irish history. They also sought to incorporate some of the legends into Christian works as well.

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The Tuatha De Danaan were a mixture of Gods and their Demi-God children who eventually retreated to Tir Na Og to live out eternity. However is there any real substance in the tales and what might they be based on? Ireland has a rich history and culture with lots of Ancient sites but also modern inventions known all over the world such as Guiness and Mens Aran Sweaters like those from Shamrock Gift.

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They come to Ireland on “flying boats” and use magic to blot out the Sun. They are tall and Blond of Hair or Strawberry blond and soon subdue the locals. Some have suggested that they are like the Atlantians, a race of Aliens that teach humans to develop. Or they could have just been the first wave of Nordic settlers from Norway. Whilst no physical evidence remains of their existence there are plenty of stories, still, to give us some idea of who they might have been.

Get your Garage Looking Great

Having storage space is the holy grail for many people. Busy homes and family lives, as well as all of the stuff that comes with it means that good and well organised storage is important if we want to have a clutter free home with the ability to find all that we need quickly and easily.


One of the best places for storage is a garage. But unfortunately, they can often become neglected and turn into a bit of a dumping ground – before long, you find that it is impossible to find what you want in there, and you may not even know what you have stored in the garage anymore!

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To make more of your garage storage space, the first thing that you need to do is de-clutter. You will probably be surprised at how much stuff you have in there that you don’t need or had forgotten about – you can donate items like this to charity, or sell it online to make a bit of cash for Christmas!

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Think about your garage storage – once you have got rid of the things that you don’t need, consider how you can store your items better so it is easier to get to them. A company such as this shelving Ireland based company will be able to help you with wall storage and racking, perfect for tools and gardening equipment, and how about ceiling bike racks for keeping the bikes neat and tidy and out of the way when not in use?