Strategies to re-engage disengaged secondary school students

There is little more frustrating for a teacher or a Maths Tutor Gloucester based such as than a disengaged, demotivated student. Often disruptive to the extent that they frequently disturb the rest of the class and affect their own learning, disengaged pupils are the source of much misery and feelings of failure amongst those who teach them.

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We all recognise the signs of a disengaged pupil – the refusal to join in with other students and the seeming inability to complete or even start tasks or homework, often coupled with disruptive behaviour – and know this can affect the future success of not only the disaffected student but also their peers.

What can teachers do to turn the student around? Aside from acknowledging the cause of the problem, are there certain strategies that will enable you to make a positive change?

The causes

The first step in attempting to help a disengaged student is discovering the reasons behind the behaviour. Most of these are pretty obvious – and unfortunately quite common. They include a complex or abusive home life, lack of friends, feelings of failure associated with low grades and low expectations of success, and overall low self-esteem.

According to Education Week, many young people feel that they don’t matter enough to their teachers and schools as a whole. This perception of low self-worth translates into feelings of futility and a lack of willingness to try for fear of failure.

What can be done?

There is no one strategy that will overcome these issues, of course. Every child is different, every situation unique, and every teacher has their own techniques; however, the main strategy should be to establish a good relationship with the student involved. Finding out more about them, their likes and dislikes and their feelings about themselves will help you as a teacher to come up with ways to engage their interest.

Above all, the advice is not to get frustrated and not to chastise; instead, praise the student at every opportunity and offer support where needed in whatever form this may take.

The environment in which students are taught has a role to play in engaging their attention and creating harmonious, productive environments. This is why some students work best in the one to one environment of a tutor.

We may never be able to get through to every disengaged student, but we can certainly try.

Heating Through History

As the harsh cold of winter descends, it makes you wonder how people overcame the biting cold before we had central heating. How did our ancestors keep warm and out of the freezing temperatures of winter?

Going back to the construction of Stonehenge, fire was the only source of heat when the temperature dropped. In the middle of each Neolithic home, fires were the focal point for the family to cook and warm themselves. Of course, for those cold nights – cosy animal furs and skins would have been used as clothing and blankets.

During Roman times, an ingenious method invented was under-floor heating. Harsh winters of the UK may have come as a bit of a nasty shock for wealthy Romans, so the hypocaust system was to be the answer to the problem of their cold villas. The hypocaust was the beginning of a smart central heating system that involved a stove being lit with fire and space being created between the walls and under the floor where the hot air could circulate. As you can imagine, it was a heavy and expensive system and the fuel would have been available for the very richest.

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Fortunately, our homes are much more comfortable today but if you don’t think your central heating is working properly, it could be a problem with your boiler. For Boiler installation Bristol, contact a company like

Less well-off Romans were able to retreat to a public bath for heating. With hypocausts making rooms warm, others would have had sauna-type heating. Many Roman bathrooms had both warm and cold areas, along with sudatoriums (sweat rooms) like a sauna. The baths were very popular and played a big role in the cultural life of the entire Roman Empire.

The English are proud of their large number of castles but spare a thought for those citizens who had to put up with the cold medieval stone walls, unglazed windows and small fires to heat the vast rooms! This explains the large woven tapestries that were hung on the wall and on top of the windows to try to protect as much space as possible. Fires would have been lit and kept burning for months, which not only increased the risk of fire but would not be good for ventilation either.

Jump several hundred years into the future, Elizabethan architecture shows great niches where large fireplaces were installed and ornately decorated. This may be the first time that home heating also became a fashion statement. Chimneys were added to the rooms to improve ventilation and fire risk.

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The Victorian era saw coal became the fuel of choice with several large plants burning up to 30 tons of coal per day to keep buildings warm! A boiler room was required under the house that had a hot water boiler to feed dozens of different fireplaces.

These days the gas used for central heating is piped directly into our homes so that we do not have to suffer the chills of a stone castle or smoky conditions of an open fire kept burning in the middle of the house!

The right windows for you

We hardly ever think about windows, unless they need washing; however, when it comes to replacing them, there are numerous choices we must make. Size, depth, how many, safety and security.  Once you have had them installed you might consider having a Locksmith In Dublin company like to come and fit new locks for you and repair any broken ones in old doors.

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Here is a simple guide to the main types of windows available and a few tips on getting the right windows for your home.

Double or triple?

The first choice you must make is what level of glazing you require. Most modern homes have double glazing, which offers a good degree of heat and sound insulation and is adequate for the majority of households. Triple glazing is usually not necessary unless you live in colder climates or areas in which noise is a problem.

Both double and triple glazing help to keep heat in your home. According to the Energy Saving Trust, energy-efficient glazing helps to reduce both your carbon footprint and your utility bills.


The next major choice you are faced with – and the one most people take the longest time deciding – is from which material your windows will be made.

The most popular choice is plastic, commonly called PVCu. Cheaper than other materials, PVCu is durable and easy to care for, providing you with years of trouble-free enjoyment of your windows.

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Wooden windows are also popular, especially on older properties where they may suit the style of the home better. Wooden windows can be made of softwood or hardwood. They undoubtedly look good, although they require more maintenance – such as painting – than plastic ones.

Softwood is cheaper and will suit those on a lower budget; meanwhile, hardwood is more expensive but more durable and stable, promising to last longer than softwood.

Windows are also available in other materials, including metals such as aluminium and steel and composites such as timber clad with aluminium. These windows suit more modern-style homes better and may be expensive, as they often have to be specially made.


The last issue you need to decide on when choosing windows is which style you desire. Most traditional homes opt for casement windows, which open outwards. They come in a number of different configurations.

Alternatives include those that tilt and turn – opening inwards – and sash windows, which are usually reserved for older homes.

How to maximise your workout

You do not want to spend hours in the gym, but you want to get fitter, slimmer, stronger and just plain healthier. However, there is a possibility that you are not getting the most out of your workout time.

It is quite possible to get a highly effective workout in just half an hour, and only a few times a week, if you maximize your workout.

Limit your exercise to 30-40 minutes. Many people, who really want to get as much out of their training as possible, spend a lot of time in the gym. However, the truth is that after 30 or 40 minutes, the benefits are not so great. To go for it, you should increase the intensity of exercise, so that you spend less time working. It is preferable to work out at a higher intensity for less time.

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High-intensity workout

If you are just getting started with exercise, it’s best to take it slow. Jogging or cycling, for example, it’s important to build up your endurance for at least 4 weeks before you get into something more intense. That means it will be at a level where you can easily talk without running out of breath. However, once you have a base of endurance, increase the intensity to increase the effectiveness of the exercise. For help and advice at a Gym Dublin, visit


Many people do not pay enough attention to the protein they need to rebuild muscle. If you do not, you’ll get little out of your workout, as cardio and strength sessions both need protein for muscle building.


Be sure to hydrate well throughout the day. It takes several hours for your body to absorb water, so you cannot just drink right before exercise. Try to make water drinking a habit all day long.


You will no doubt have heard that carbs are bad in terms of dieting, but carbs are our body’s main source of fuel. If you do intense exercise, you will need carbs, or you will not have enough energy. If you do use protein shakes, be sure to include carbs such as bananas which are a good source of fibre / high-low glycemic carbohydrate that you need to exercise.


Use before and after exercise. It’s best to take a protein / carbohydrate shake before your workout and then one after as well. Taking one before your workout increases the flow of amino acids into the muscle during training, giving them the building blocks they need. Post workout, the protein helps to stimulate muscle growth.

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Slow lift

Many people contract their muscles slowly and then do a faster release. However, you can maximise your exercise by lifting slowly in both directions. Lift up and down for a count of 5 seconds in each direction.

Mix it up

Try to avoid completing the same workout routine repeatedly, otherwise your body will get used to that level of stress and you will not get an effective workout. When training for strength, mix up your routine every few weeks. When looking to do cardio training, it is recommended to cardio, it’s preferable to do some cross training, as opposed to jogging each time.

The best choice for hanging your baubles

Christmas is almost upon us and nothing gives a traditional and festive spirit quite like a real Christmas tree. There are actually several different types of trees used for this purpose and you probably didn’t know that there were so many varieties. Here are some of the most popular types of trees to decorate with baubles and Christmas lights:

The Firs – there are several types of Fir tree. The Nordmann Fir is very popular because it has excellent needle retention. They come from the mountains of southern Russia and have a beautiful dark green colour with a more rounded needle. It is one of the favorite trees for both symmetrical and strong branches for decorating.

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The Balsam Fir trees are traditional in the US and have a wonderful aroma. It is also a very dark green with silvery hue and needles that stay in place for a very long time.

The Douglas Fir is a bluish-green color and also very fragrant. It has a conical shape and is a firm favourite as its needles radiate in all directions from the branch. When the needles are crushed, they emit a wonderful sweet aroma.

Fraser Fir has dark green needles with a silvery hue on the underside. Offering a good retention of the needles, a pleasant smell and pyramid-like branches with great strength which turn upward. It became very popular in this country and makes a beautiful Christmas tree. For a Real Christmas Tree Leicester, visit  

Norway Spruce has long shiny needles but without proper care, the needles will fall off quite easily. The trees have a nice conical shape and smell sweet. This tree is found naturally in Central and Northern Europe and is a popular choice in the UK. Blue Spruce is one of the top examples among this species for needle retention and has very stiff needles that are great for hanging heavy ornaments from. In nature, the tree can live up to 600-800 years!

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The Pines – Austrian Pine has dark green needles and a good retention. It also has a moderate scent but not the strongest. Scots Pine is the most common type of these species that will be used for Christmas trees. It has stiff branches and dark green needles that will remain in the tree even when dry. This is a nice open tree that needs plenty of space for decoration with a beautiful bright green colour. This tree was introduced to the US by European settlers and is now the most common Christmas tree in the US. It has an excellent survival rate and will remain fresh throughout the season.

Other trees that you would not necessarily associate with Christmas but are used for this purpose include Cedars and Cypress trees. The Leland Cypress is good for people with allergies as it is light and fluffy with not much smell. They also don’t produce sap, which is ideal for people allergic to sap.

The benefits of sustainable building

Sustainable construction attracts a lot more attention nowadays, but many do not grasp its full possibilities. Sustainable building is not only about the creation of a building that has a low environmental impact; it is a new approach in the building industry that improves the lives of people and he way we build.

Here are some of the important benefits of sustainable development:

Reduces Costs

Construction is a huge industry in the economy, but current financial struggles cannot be ignored. With efficiency and rework rate of up to 30 percent, intelligent and functional alternatives are considered more necessary. Sustainable construction can provide great assistance in that direction. Overall, green buildings cost less than traditional buildings as they use fewer resources (water and energy) required for project completion. In addition, sustainable buildings have a great ROI, too. Simply put, property values ​​increase significantly with sustainable building.

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Increasing Productivity

Environment-friendly workspaces help employees perform better and lower absenteeism rates. The more improved the environment, the easier it is to concentrate and work effectively towards the completion of the task.

Improving Health

Green buildings can be beneficial for health. The outside air is up to 5 times more polluted than interior air. Construction and furnishing materials can be harmful to human health, so the use of sustainable materials can help with air purification. For help with sustainable Building Services Manchester, visit  

Minimising Waste

In Europe, the construction industry is responsible for 34.7 percent of all the waste in the continent. Greener buildings lower waste with a lower environmental impact and the use of renewable sources and materials. Products such as demolition debris, sand and coal burned can be used with positive environmental and aesthetic results.

Protecting the Environment

Recycled materials used during the construction process contributes significantly to environmental protection and waste reduction. In addition, sustainable construction includes a number of critical elements. Installing well-insulated windows and walls can help to ensure that no energy is going to waste. In addition, the use of solar heating and insulated air conditioning pipes can make buildings more energy efficient and less harmful to the environment.

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Improving Quality of Life

Sustainable construction has a number of benefits in every phase of the construction project. Improved health by using safer materials, boosted productivity due to a better environment and more effective noise protection are just a few of the advantages. Green buildings can greatly improve our quality of life.

New Markets

The emergence of sustainable buildings has helped the market grow and open up new possibilities.

Chance to Experiment

Sustainable construction can be a fantastic chance for creative experimentation in the industry. New materials are used and as a result, more innovative methods are being developed and practised all the time. Sustainable construction is developing day by day and opening up opportunities for the industry. Keeping an open mind and planning the work properly may result in further changes and more exciting breakthroughs.

What are the benefits of a hydraulic winch?

Winches using hydraulic power are the smart choice when power and performance are required. Often used in harsh environments or when consistent operation is a prime consideration, they offer numerous advantages over electric winches including power, safety and reliability.

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A battery powered electric winch can drain down the power of a fully charged pack in minutes. In contrast, a hydraulic system relies on fluid mechanics to operate and offers unparalleled pulling power. Where an electric winch can easily become overloaded when lifting heavy weights, the hydraulic winch offers smooth and consistent operation that can deal with any heavy load.

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The increased efficiency and power of a hydraulic system means that it virtually eliminates the problems associated with overheating. Where an electric system can quickly overheat and present a health and safety hazard, requiring cooling before it can be used again, a hydraulic system continues to operate seamlessly for as long as you need it.


Although electric winches can be lightweight and easy to install, they can sometimes stall in operation, putting the wire cable under huge tension. This can be extremely dangerous. A hydraulic pump driven winch will not stall, relieving the tension on axle, springs and cable for safer operation.

In working with hydraulic winches such as those seen here, it’s important that you work out a maintenance schedule that pays particular attention to O rings, seals and interfaces. You should always operate a winch in accordance with HSE Guidelines on the safe use of lifting equipment.


Electric winches may offer a lightweight solution but they can’t match the reliability of a hydraulic system. Prone to overheating and even failing, electric hoists can they be time-consuming to repair. Hydraulic winches, on the other hand, have long earned a place in marine applications owing to their ability to withstand the harshest environments while being easier to troubleshoot and repair. Resistant to overheating and fatigue, hydraulic based winch systems will continue to perform flawlessly over a longer period of time.

When to use hydraulic winches

Using this type of winch offers a range of benefits over installing an electric winch, depending on the type of use and the installation. However, as a rule of thumb, If you need a winch for consistent, reliable and sustained hard use, hydraulic is the smart choice.

How to support your child with their Maths learning?

Trying to support your child with their educational subject s can be a daunting task for any parent, particularly when it comes to Maths. It seems that the ways in which this subject are taught can vary greatly from generation to generation and it can be difficult to know how best to support your child. There are in fact a number of things that you can do at home that help to reinforce their Maths skills. When it comes to teaching them the fundamentals of Maths and specific subjects such as algebra, long division and multiplication and all the other mechanics of the subject you are better off seeking the help of a Maths Tutor Gloucester way such as who can tailor a learning plan for your child.

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This leaves you free to take a look at look at some of the ways in which you can reinforce Maths in your everyday life in a fun way.

Counting house humbers – this is an easy way in which you can help young children to identify their number as well as helping with the concept of odd and even numbers. For older children you could use it as a way to help with their multiplication or addition skills.

Cooking – this is a great way to bring in some of the Maths skills that they will be being taught at school including weighing, estimating and even time tables as you can ask your child to double a mixture or perhaps half the amount of ingredients that are being used. All whilst cooking a delicious cake with your child to enjoy afterwards.

Gardening – when planting new seeds or flowers in the garden take the opportunity to ask your child to add the number of seeds that you have planted. You can also add the number of petals on a flower or compare two flowers together to see which has more flowers. If you like to grow sunflowers in the summer use this as an opportunity to reinforce length and measurement and again compare a number of sunflowers and rank them in order of height. For older children you could look at the circumference of the flower heads as well as its overall height.

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Shopping – let your child pay for items with money. This way you can ask them to estimate the cost of the items that he have in their hand and work out the amount of change that they are going to receive.  Using real world applications helps your child to process the information much quicker.

Ways in which humans have heated their homes

Each year we all reach for our telephones to book in our annual boiler services with companies like Cheltenham Boiler Service business to ensure that our heating systems are in full working order for the colder weather. But over the centuries human beings have developed some extraordinary ways in which to keep their homes warm. We have the most sophisticated systems now and they only appear to get more and more sophisticated over time. Here is a look back over the ways in which humans have heated their homes in the past.

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Fire – fire was one of the first ways in which early humans created warmth. Initially this would have been in a camp fire type setting outside of the dwelling areas. Over time early humans learnt how better to control the fire and this was then utilised inside buildings such as black houses and buildings made from waddle and daub, with a thatched roof. The smoke levels would have been immense but at least they were kept warm during the cold winter months.

Hot Air – the Romans are to be credited with one of the first established ways in which to heat a room from underneath the floor. The Hypocaust was a number of stone columns built into the floor underneath a room, usually the bath house or dining room. To one side of these columns would a tunnel that would directly to an outlet that would be connected to the furnace located in the kitchen area. The furnace would be on all day long and the heat from this would travel along the tunnel into the open floor space. Then, as we all know, hot air rises up through the floor space and heats the room above.

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Hot Water – in more recent times we established a way in which to utilise hot water that was passed through pipework in our homes and would collect in the radiators that were placed at strategic points throughout the rooms. These radiators would heat up and the warmth would then radiate out into the room. It is this system that boiler service companies check each year to ensure that they are running smoothly and that no harmful gases are escaping into the home. We now have the ability to be able to heat our homes to our desired temperature and can even switch our heating on from a distance via mobile apps.