The enduring use of Copper

Copper is one of the most versatile materials on the planet Earth. It is mined from rocks and has continued to be used since its discovery about 8000 BC. The reason that the Copper continues to be used is that it’s an incredibly versatile metal. Its use in electrical, plumbing and general construction projects means that its continued use is assured. Whereas our ancient ancestors would have used it for decorative, social and military purposes, we now use it for the conduction of electricity and its resistance to rust and corrosion. Copper Pipe, like that from Watkins and Powis Copper Pipe suppliers, is a prime example of this.

As our ancestors started to work with stone to create tools and weapons, they noticed something strange about some of the rocks they worked on. In the rock, there were long streaks of orange coloured stone that could be gouged out of rock. They found the substance to be hard and shiny. If they heated it up, it turned to liquid, unlike the stone, but when it cooled, it became hard, smooth and solid again. These early humans soon realised that they could make this into whatever shape for whatever they needed. It must have seemed like a wondrous gift from the Gods.

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As human mining and scientific development continued, the early inhabitants began to merge copper with tin. In this way, the first alloy metal was created. The Bronze age was born. This saw the creation of great artworks and armour, plus tools and weapons, that were robust enough to see the start of the many ancient civilisations rise. This began in 3500bc and lasted through to the Iron Age. Even then, the use of Copper was still required. The Romans mined it in Cyprus, and this is where we get its name. It is from the Latin word Cuprum and has been merged into the old English word of Coper. The extra ‘p’ wasn’t added until 1530.

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Copper is used on roofing and is very distinctive. It gets a greenish patina to it as it weathers, which is generally considered pleasing and a sign of age and wealth. It was not cheap to add it to roofs. Apart from construction, it is also used as an antibacterial defence as it has fungicidal properties, plus it can be used as a wood preserver.

How to Keep a Construction Site Safe

If you are a construction worker and you see something that does not look right then it is time to take action and make sure that you know how to keep a construction site safe. The first thing you need to realize is the importance of knowing how to protect your life and the lives of your coworkers. If you are not familiar with some of the basic safety measures that should be taken then you should take the time to learn about them. If you have already learned about some of these things then you are probably prepared to face your job and the dangers that go along with it.

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There are three ways that you can use to ensure that you and your coworkers remain safe on a construction site. The first of these is to ensure that there are strict guidelines that are followed when it comes to personal safety. You need to grab the safety kit that is provided by your company and you need to wear the appropriate safety equipment. These safety kits are usually located in high traffic areas or near machinery that can prove to be dangerous. You will also want to ensure that you clean up any debris as soon as possible and a Grab Hire Cheltenham  company can help with the rental of a grab lorry to clear large areas quickly.

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The second way that you can keep a construction site safe is through ensuring that there is proper communication between all parties involved. You need to have open communication lines so that you can report anything that seems out of the ordinary. Remember that even if you have a boss that is well experienced he or she should be able to tell you if something is wrong. If you feel that someone is not being helpful enough then you should find someone else to talk to about your concerns.

What is a Mobile Phone Contract and Do I Need One?

A mobile phone contract is usually a monthly service plan that you sign with your phone provider in order to receive mobile phone service and a handset. The contract can cover anything from a few minutes of text messages to a whole year’s worth of service plans. Most of the time, mobile phone providers offer various special deals at different points during the year. For help choosing the right deal for you, go to a vodafone store near me at a site like

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Another thing to keep in mind when you are thinking about a mobile phone contract is that it doesn’t have to be something that you just have to accept when you sign up. If you don’t like the terms or think the contract is too long or too short, you can shop around and find one that suits you better.

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Now, you might be thinking that it’s impossible to find a mobile phone deal that won’t cost the earth. After all, you don’t want to pay for something that you aren’t going to use all the time or that you aren’t going to enjoy. Fortunately, there are some ways to save money when you sign up for a mobile phone service contract. For example, many cell phone companies provide a lot of the service for free, meaning that you don’t have to pay anything in order to make and receive calls, send text messages, surf the internet, and play games on the phone. This can save you quite a bit of money and can help you decide whether or not a mobile phone deal is what you need.

Benefits of Aluminium

When it comes to choosing materials for industrial production, one of the most popular choices is to use Aluminium. The reason for this is that Aluminium is a very light metal, which makes it perfect for manufacturing products that need to be strong and flexible at the same time. As such, Aluminium is often used in building ships, as it is extremely strong and durable, however, it has another very important benefit. It is actually possible to build new structures from Aluminium, something that is very rare for other metals. It needs to be protected all the same and a Plasma Spray from  Poeton.

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One of the main benefits of aluminium is that it is recyclable. This means that Aluminium can be melted down and used again, making it the perfect material for making frames, trusses and much more. Another benefit of aluminium is that due to its malleability, it is one of the easiest metals to work with, meaning that it can be easily used for things like pipes and tubing. These two factors combine to make aluminium an ideal material for many different industries, as it is very strong and flexible at the same time. This makes it the perfect metal for high-tech toys, aeroplanes, car parts and even space shuttles.

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One of the main drawbacks of Aluminium is that it tends to corrode quite easily. This makes it an unsuitable material for making weapons, as it needs to be thoroughly cleaned and restored after use. However, when you consider the benefits of aluminium metal, you will realise that its lack of flexibility also makes it a good choice for use in areas where flexibility is critical. For instance, Aluminium is frequently used in computer cases and other similar devices, because of the great level of flexibility that it brings. Overall, Aluminium is an incredibly versatile metal and is often used in a wide variety of different industries due to its strength and malleability.

Have driverless car technologies stalled?

Driverless cars have been talked about for many years, and 2021 was, according to many, the year that they were expected to become a common sight on roads on both sides of the Atlantic. But will this be the case?

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Some of the major developers of self-driving vehicles and the technology needed to run them seem to be moving away from the idea that they will be commonplace anytime soon.

There are several reasons this might be the case, with public scepticism over safety, cybersecurity, cost, and social acceptance being amongst the primary ones.

Recent moves

In the final weeks of 2020, Uber decided to put its plans for self-driving taxis on hold and sold its autonomous division to Aurora for around $4bn. Uber’s chief executive, Dara Khosrowshahi, said that it did not mean the company was abandoning the idea.

Elsewhere, cab firm Addison Lee dropped plans to partner with Oxbotica on a fleet of robotaxis in London, whilst Ford’s plans for producing autonomous taxis have been postponed until at least 2022. However, this is predominantly down to delays caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.

In the future, fleet managers/owners should be able to easily integrate fleet management software such as the examples found at with fleets of driverless cars.

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Many organisations will use fuel cards to keep track of their employees’ fuel usage and mileage. Some will be digital and will upload data to the Cloud, whilst some may be old-fashioned and will need to be manually input into whatever system is being used.

Some plans still on track

Google spinoff Waymo has been at the forefront of the driverless car industry. In October 2020, they announced that fully driverless taxis would soon be available, although they will be limited to certain suburbs of Phoenix that have been extensively mapped.

In the UK, Oxbotica is running a trial of autonomous cars on public roads in Oxford. Also in the UK, there is still the potential that Automated Lane Keeping Systems (ALKS) could be rolled out in the next two years, with the potential to prevent almost 5,000 serious accidents a year.

Driving forward

Transport consultant Nick Reed said that 2015 was probably “peak hype”, but now the reality of the complexities and challenges is setting in. Despite this, he still feels that there are significant benefits, most notably safety. Human error is responsible for over 90% of road accidents, meaning that thousands of deaths could be prevented each year.

Reed believes that automated driving will still happen in the near future, but not immediately and probably in phases. It will begin with use on motorways where all vehicles are going in the same direction in clearly marked lanes, followed at a later point by more widespread urban use.

There is no real reason we won’t see driverless cars on our roads; it may just be a bit further in the future than originally anticipated.

Getting a new Mobile phone at some point.

If you are in the market for mobile phones, whether you want to use the internet on it, use it for making and receiving calls, or even keep it with you everywhere you go, you will want to know all the facts about mobile phones before you buy. You might be surprised by all the facts about mobile phones that you will discover. These facts, including the types of phones available, what they are used for, how they work, and much more can be found at a Vodafone store near me. The place is perfect for this.

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Mobile phones come under many names and guises. Other names for these phones include cordless phones, traveler’s phones and more. Technically all that a mobile is a phone that makes and receives calls over a wireless signal connection while the user is traveling in a car, taking a bus or train, or walking in a city. A smartphone is different from other types of hand held phones in that it uses a separate data network (GSM) instead of a cell network, although some older versions of smartphones do still use cell networks. The real advantage of the mobile phone is that it can now be pretty much used anywhere in the world. It has given us the power of communication, and entertainment instantly.

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Facts about mobile phones may surprise or amuse you, depending on your preferences. Some of the most popular brands of smartphones in the United Kingdom include Nokia, Samsung, Motorola, HTC, LG and others.

What are the Different Types of Moulding?

Moulding has a number of different types, so knowing what each one is can help you decide which one to use for your particular project. The two most common moulding processes are either cold-forming or hot-forming. Cold-forming means that the plastic is forced into the mould by a heating process such as a blow-mould, but the plastic is not solidified in the mould until it is completely cooled, meaning the process can take a long time and is therefore more suited to larger jobs. However, if you have limited resources, or you simply want to make sure that the final result is of a certain standard, then you may prefer to go for the hot-forming process, which involves pouring the plastic into the mould and then allowing it to cool slowly so that it is solidified in the mould immediately.

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As well as the different types of moulding processes being used, you will also find that there are a number of different ways in which a material is moulded. For example, it may be poured into the mould as a single cavity, or it may come in sections. If the moulding methods are chosen for the right job, then the finished product will have a consistency across all sides, but this is not always the case. In these cases, using several different types of moulding will ensure that the plastic is moulded in a consistent and uniform manner, regardless of how many cavities it has. For Rubber Moulding UK, visit Meadex

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There are many benefits to using moulding, but it is also worth bearing in mind that each type of moulding can be slightly different in appearance. This is especially true for those that use blow-moulding or hot-moulding methods.

Do you know how tapping machines work

Tapping machines are used in many different industries, but in metal processing and shaping in particular. Tapping machines operate by enabling screws and nails to be inserted with strong force into two adjacent pieces of metal, providing a stronger bonding of the two pieces. Tapping machines have revolutionised the world of industry as they allow for a precision job done quickly and competently plus they are better than relying on the human eye. They are also greater in terms of productivity over what a human can do through the course of the day. Given that quantity is the larger need this is a vital element and it’s why you should contact Cotswold Machinery Sales for advice and machines.

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Compared to drilling a hole and then inserting the screw, the difference between tapping screws and bolts is that when the tapping machine is used a thread is formed in the hole, while a drill would produce a regular smooth hole through which the screw is then inserted. The thread produced by the taping machine allows it stronger to fasten off the screw holding together the pieces of metal than that of a regular fastening.

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Including electric and pneumatic machines, there are a variety of different tapping machines that can be used. The requirement of your production needs and the metals you are using the machine that will work best for you. Depending on the space you have available for them in your industrial unit and even in different strengths, they can also be found in different sizes, again depending on the metals and materials you use to fasten together.

What are the Most Important Boat Components?

What are the most important boat components that you should always take into consideration when purchasing one of the best recreational vehicles ever made? The first thing you have to ask yourself is this; if I damage my boat, will I be able to get it repaired or will I need to purchase a new boat? This is not an easy question to answer because it is based on how long you’ve owned your boat and how well you know your craft. But when you are looking at boats with high quality engines that have proven themselves, you are guaranteed a good boat that is going to last you for a lifetime if you take care of it.

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Next, you need to think about the type of boat you want. Are you in the market for a cruising boat, a fishing boat, a sailing boat or some other type of recreational vessel? Once again, this can all be determined by what type of boat you want to use and how much money you are willing to spend. If you are in the market for a fishing boat, then you will obviously have different requirements and specifications than someone who is in the market for a sailing boat. Will your boat need Jib Cranes? If so, visit a site like

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These are just a few important boat components that you need to consider before choosing a boat. If you have any doubts about these or any other aspect of your boat, it would be a good idea to talk to a professional boat dealer or boat expert so they can assist you in making the right decisions.


How did we get metals to connect before Superglue

In 1942 the world was forever changed by the invention (albeit accidental) by Harry Wesley Croover Jnr when he discovered superglue. This revolutionised the way in which we were able the get substances to stick together and stay there. It meant that for many technologies quantum leaps could finally be made in production, style and design. What did we do before the invention to get metal to stick together?


One of the best modern ways following on from Croover Jnr’s invention is this type of Metal bonding adhesives developed by CT1. They have refined and developed a product that completely does away with the following methods from the past.

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The first way of getting metal together was the effective but short term solution of simply overlapping metal and riveting it together at the ends. The metal in question was painted so as to provide a skin but invariably, especially with the Ocean going liners of the time, the combination of salt sea water and oxygen created a perfect environment for rust.

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The other way was to weld bits together. This involved the use of super heated solder being poured and set around the bits of metal or the use of a blowtorch to melt both ends connect them and then allow to cool. This created a cleaner connection to stop rust but the highly flammable nature of using a welding torch this meant that it was too inflammable to use for repair work.